Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(87 words)

(a.) is the usual name for the conclusion resulting from the combination of the two premisses (muḳaddamāt) in the syllogism (ḳiyās). It corresponds to the Stoic ἐπιΦορά; this word in the works of Galen known to the Arabs is applied to the various discharges from the body but also means, as with the Stoics, the conclusion. Aristotle used the word συμπέρασμα: that which concludes or completes the syllogism.

In place of the usual natīd̲j̲a we also find ridf or radf (= deduction).

Cite this page
de Boer, Tj., “Natīd̲j̲a”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 29 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_3449>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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