Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(1,960 words)

(a.), witness, martyr (pl. s̲h̲uhadāʾ) is often used in the Ḳurʾān (as is s̲h̲āhid [q. v.], plur. s̲h̲uhūd, from which it is not definitely distinguished) in the primary meaning of witness. The following examples are typical of the various contexts in which it occurs: Sūra, ii. 127: “Or were ye eye-witnesses when Jacob was at the point of death and he said to his sons”.… Sūra, xxiv. 6: “Those who slander their wives and have no witness except themselves” …Sūra, ii. 137: “And thus we have made you a people in the…

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Björkman, W., “S̲h̲ahīd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 07 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5274>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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