Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Wāfir
(143 words)

, the name of the fourth metre in Arab prosody. It consists in theory of three mufāʿalatun to the hemistich, but in practice the third foot becomes mufāʿal (= faʿūlun). It has two ʿarūḍ and three ḍarb. The first ʿarūḍ has one ḍarb and the second has two:

The alterations that may be undergone by the feet are as follows: 1. the fairly frequent disappearance of the vowel of the lām in mufāʿalatun (mufāʿaltun = mafāʿīlun); 2. the rather rare disappearance of the lām and its vowel (mufāʿatun = mafāʿilun); 3. the excessively rare disappearance of the vowel of the lām and of the nūn (mufāʿaltu = mafāʿīlu).…

Cite this page
Ben Cheneb, Moh., “Wāfir”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 03 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5932>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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