Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Wahhābīya
(4,799 words)

, Islāmic community founded by Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Wahhāb (1115-1201 = 1703-1787). This name was given to the community by its opponents in the founder’s lifetime, and is used by Europeans; it is not used by its members in Arabia, who call themselves Muwaḥḥidūn “unitarians” and their system (ṭarīḳa) “Muḥammadan”; they regard themselves as Sunnīs, following the school of Ibn Ḥanbal, as interpreted by Ibn Taimīya, who attacked the cult of saints in many of his writings, especially in a Risāla condemning the visitation of tombs (in his Rasāʾil, Cairo 1323).

§ 1. Life of the Founder. He w…

Cite this page
Margoliouth, D. S., “Wahhābīya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 27 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5938>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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