Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(1,462 words)

(also Wikāla), mandate, authorisation, is a contract (ʿaḳd) by which one contracting party, the muwakkil, commissions the other, the mandatary (wakīl), to perform some service for him.

I. In the Ḳurʾān we find forms derived from wakala in the meaning of “to rely upon, to trust in Allāh” (fifth form) or associated with the idea that Allāh, is the wakīl, one of the 99 names of Allāh, which according to the commentators has the meaning of ḥafīẓ (Sūra xii. 66; ix. 52; lxxiii. 9; xxviii. 28). The word is therefore not found as a technical term. Nevertheless at the basis of …

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Spies, Otto, “Wakāla”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 27 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5944>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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