Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(1,567 words)

(a.), commission; as a technical term, last will, testament, legacy; waṣī, the person empowered, particularly the executor of a will.

1. The waṣīya of the pre-Islāmic Arabs was less concerned with the distribution of the estate than with orders and instructions to the survivors; it is the spiritual testament of the dying man sanctified by religion which is to hand on obligations and secure the continuity of tradition. In this sense, according to the S̲h̲īʿa, ʿAlī is the waṣī of the Prophet and every imām the waṣī of his predecessor, i. e. the continuer of his religious ta…

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Schacht, Joseph, “Waṣīya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 06 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5969>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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