Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(382 words)

, Ras̲h̲īd al-Dīn, a Persian poet, a native of Balk̲h̲, whose proper name was Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Ḏj̲alīl al-ʿUmarī (descendant of the Caliph ʿUmar); he was called Waṭwāṭ (the swallow or martin) from his diminutive stature and insignificant appearance. He flourished under the Sald̲j̲ūḳ sulṭān Sand̲j̲ar and the Ḵh̲wārizms̲h̲āh Atsiz (d. 551 = 1156—1157) and was secretary and court poet to Atsiz. While Sand̲j̲ar was besieging the latter in the fortress of Hazārasp in Ḵh̲wārizm (k̲h̲ānate of Ḵh̲īwa) in 542 (1147) he commissioned the poet Anwarl to write insulting verses …

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Huart, Cl., “Waṭwāṭ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 03 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5974>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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