Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(6,076 words)

, 1. now a group of ruins near an insignificant village in southern Yaman, about 10 miles S. W. of Yarīm, celebrated in ancient times as the capital of the Ḥimyar kingdom (also called Ẓafāri; see Yāḳūt, Muʿd̲j̲am, iii. 576; i. 196; South Arabian inscriptions give the radicals ẓ-p[f]-r; it is reproduced in Ethiopie as Ṣafār).

The royal city is mentioned by Pliny, Natur. Hist., vi. 104 as regia Sapphar and in the Periplus Mar. Erythr., § 23 as μητρόπολιΣ ΣαΦάρ in which χαριβαήλ (Karibaʾil), “king of the Homerites (Ḥimyar) and Sabaeans” ruled, of that dynasty which, succ…

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Tkatsch, J., “Ẓafār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 02 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_6042>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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