Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(679 words)

, 1. A piece of woollen cloth used since pre-Islamic times, which was worn as a cloak by day and used as a blanket by night. That of the Prophet has become famous. As a reward for Kaʿb b. Zuhayr’s [q.v.] poem, he made him a present of the burda he was wearing. It was bought from the son of the poet by Muʿāwiya and was preserved in the treasury of the ʿAbbāsid Caliphs until the occupation of Bag̲h̲dād by the Mongols. Hülegü 1 caused it to be burned but it was afterwards claimed that the real burda of the Prophet was saved and is still preserved in Constantinople.


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Basset, R., “Burda”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1534>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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