Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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D̲j̲and
(1,880 words)

, a mediaeval town on the lower reaches of the Si̊r Daryā in Central Asia, towards its debouchure into the Aral Sea, in what is now the Kazakhstan SSR; its fame was such that the Aral Sea was often called “the Sea of D̲j̲and”.

D̲j̲and is first mentioned by certain Muslim geographers of the mid-4th/10th century, in particular, by Ibn Ḥawḳal, and following him, by the anonymous author of the Ḥudūd al-ʿālam (wrote 372/982). Ibn Ḥawḳal mentions three settlements on the lower Si̊r Daryā amongst the Og̲h̲uz Turks of that region: D̲j̲and; the “New Settlement”, (al-Ḳarya a…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C. E., “D̲j̲and”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 27 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8497>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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