Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(278 words)

, the mountainous territory in Afghanistan about the headwaters of the Farah Rud, Hari Rud, and Murghab, from which is named the mediaeval dynasty of the G̲h̲ūrids [q.v.]. The establishment of Islam came late in G̲h̲ūr, and raids by Arab generals continued until the 4th/10th century. A tradition of the existence of Jewish settlements finds confirmation in the discovery of a Judaeo-Persian inscription of A.D. 752-3 at Tang-i Azao, near Čis̲h̲t. In 372/982 the Ḥudūd al-ʿālam claims that most of the inhabitants had accepted Islam. Originally the chief place was Mandays̲h̲…

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Bivar, A.D.H., “G̲h̲ūr”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 04 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2521>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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