Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,342 words)

, unorthodox Muslim sect of gnostic-cabalistic tendencies founded by Faḍl Allāh of Astarābād in Iran at the end of the 8th/14th century.

Its founder was born at Astarābād in 740/1340, and, according to some sources, was named ʿAbd al-Raḥmān; he began his career as a Ṣūfī famed particularly for the care he took to avoid eating any unlawful food, so much so that he was known as ḥalāl-k̲h̲or . He was a sayyid (descendent of ʿAlī) and the son of a chief justice ( ḳāḍī al-ḳuḍāt ) who died while he was still an infant. From childhood he showed a great inclination to mysticism and to a…

Cite this page
Bausani, A., “Ḥurūfiyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0303>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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