Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(8,033 words)

(according to lexicographers the only correct form) or Kabd , Kibd , “the liver”.

1. Names for the liver and their semantic field. The Muslim peoples, like all others, recognised the internal organs of the human body and identified them with the analogous organs of animals. They also attributed to them one or another physiological and psychosomatic function based on observations which they interpreted according to mental structures that are only partially clear to us.

Language itself testifies to these early identifications. As E. Bargheer says, “these are significant …

Cite this page
Rodinson, M., “Kabid”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 19 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0403>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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