Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,287 words)

(a.) (sometimes also pronounced lifām ), the mouth-veil, is a piece of material with which the Bedouins concealed the lower part of the face, the mouth and sometimes also part of the nose (see the commentary on al-Ḥarīrī, ed. de Sacy, Paris 1821, 374, 2). According to the LA, lifām is a mouth-veil which also covers the nose top (arnabat al-anf) and is worn by women. It served the practical purpose of protecting the organs of respiration from heat and cold as well as against the penetration of dust (cf. D̲h̲u ’l-Rumma, no. 5, 43, also no. 39, 24 and 73, 1…

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Björkman, W., “Lit̲h̲ām”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 01 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4672>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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