Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Mans̲h̲ūr
(1,746 words)

(a.) means literally “spread out” (as in Ḳurʾān, XVII, 14, and LII,3: opposite, maṭwī “folded”), or “not sealed” (opposite, mak̲h̲tūm ) hence it comes to mean a certificate, an edict, a diploma of appointment, and particularly, a patent granting an appanage (pl. manās̲h̲īr ).

In Egypt in the early Arab period, mans̲h̲ūr seems to be a name for the passes which the government compelled the fellāḥīn to have in order to check the flight of colonists from the land, which threatened to become overwhelming ( d̲j̲āliya ). In any case, in the Führer durch die Ausstellung ( Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer ),…

Cite this page
Björkman, W., “Mans̲h̲ūr”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 07 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4932>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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