Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Nis̲h̲ānd̲j̲i̊
(385 words)

, secretary of state for the Sultan’s ṭug̲h̲ra , chancellor, in Ottoman administration.

The Sald̲j̲ūḳs and Mamlūks already had special officials for drawing the ṭug̲h̲ra, the sultan’s signature. As their official organisation was inherited in almost all its details by the Ottomans, this post naturally was included. Its holder was called nis̲h̲ānd̲j̲i̊ or tewḳīʿī . The nis̲h̲ānd̲j̲i̊ held the same rank as the defterdār s [q.v.] and indeed even preceded them, for we find defterdārs promoted to nis̲h̲ānd̲j̲i̊s but never a nis̲h̲ānd̲j̲i̊ becoming a defterdār. The nis̲h̲ānd̲j̲i̊ was i…

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Babinger, Fr., “Nis̲h̲ānd̲j̲i̊”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 27 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5929>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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