Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(491 words)

, a mediaeval Islamic town of upper al-D̲j̲azīra, classical Samosata, Ottoman Samsāṭ, modern Turkish Samsat in the il or province of Achyaman (lat. 37° 30′ N., long. 38° 32′ E.).

Not to be confused with S̲h̲ims̲h̲āṭ [q.v.] (Arsamosata) further up the river to the north-east, it lies on the right bank of the Euphrates’ northwards bend at an important crossing of the north-south route to Edessa or Urfa, 50 km/30 miles to the south of Sumaysāṭ, and the east-west one from Mārdīn. It may have had a bridge over the river in Antiquity, a…

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Haase, C.P., “Sumaysāṭ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7189>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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