Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(453 words)

, a city in the delta region of the Amū Daryā [q.v.] or Oxus river of K̲h̲wārazm [q.v.]which was for some four centuries, from Mongol times onwards, the capital of the province.

After the Mongols had totally destroyed the former capital of K̲h̲wārazm, Gurgand̲j̲ [q.v.] in 618/1221, the conquerors founded a new city on a nearby site, presumably that of “Little Gurgand̲j̲”, three farsak̲h̲ s from the old capital. Under the pax mongolica, Ürgenč speedily became a populous and flourishing commercial centre (see Barthold, Turkestan down to the Mongol invasion , 457; idem, A short history of …

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Bosworth, C.E., “Ürgenč”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 19 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7736>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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