Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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(1,768 words)

Abangan refers to nominal or non-practising Muslims within Javanese society. From about the middle of the nineteenth century, there emerged in Javanese society a category of people who were defined by their failure—in the eyes of the more pious—to behave as proper Muslims. These were the abangan, a term that derives from the “Low Javanese” (ngoko) word abang, meaning the colour red or brown. At the time, the usual terms were bangsa abangan (“the red/brown people”) or wong abangan (“the red/brown people”). In “High Javanese” (kram…

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Ricklefs, M. C., “Abangan”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 29 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_0146>
First published online: 2007
First print edition: 9789004161634, 2007, 2007-2

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