Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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(723 words)

Abarshahr was the northeastern province (Middle Persian shahr) of Sāsānid and early Islamic Iran. Its principal city was Nīshāpūr (Middle Persian Nēw-Shābuhr, “Brave is Shāpūr”; Arabic Naysābūr), established by Shāpūr I (d. 272 C.E.) (Daryaee, 39). In the Islamic period “Nīshāpūr” replaced “Abarshahr” as the name of the main city.

Two etymologies have been advanced for the name of the province. The first derives the name from *Aparn-xšahr (Parthian ’prhštr), “land of the Aparnak or Aparni,” the leading tribe of the Dahae confederation, who established the Parthia…

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Daryaee, Touraj, “Abarshahr”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 28 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_23562>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004203549, 2011, 2011-2

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