Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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ʿAbbād b. Salmān
(939 words)

Abū Sahl ʿ Abbād b. Salmān (or Sulaymān) b. ʿAlī al-Ṣaymarī was a Muʿtazilī theologian who flourished in Basra in the third/ninth century. His nisba, al-Ṣaymarī, refers to his original home-town of Ṣaymara, near Khūzistān in the Jibāl region. ʿAbbād studied with Hishām al-Fuwaṭī (d. before 218/833), and his theology was part of a trend, started by his teacher, that was later marginalised in Muʿtazilī thought, especially that of Basra. His views can be reconstructed only on the basis of refutations of them in Sunnī and even some Muʿtazilī sources.

ʿAbbād categorically rejected anthrop…

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Mourad, Suleiman A., “ʿAbbād b. Salmān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 29 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_23209>
First published online: 2009
First print edition: 9789004181304, 2009, 2009-3

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