Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Abū Sufyān
(761 words)

Abū Sufyān Ṣakhr b. Ḥarb b. Umayya b. ʿAbd Shams b. ʿAbd Manāf b. Quṣayy b. Kilāb al-Amawī (b. c. 560 C.E., d. 32–4/653–5), also known by the kunya Abū Ḥanẓala, was a Meccan merchant, who, though originally leader of a group of Quraysh opposed to Muḥammad, later converted to Islam and became a trusted supporter of the Prophet. He was probably born about 560 C.E. (al-Dhahabī, 2:107). The sources are not on the whole unkind to Abū Sufyān. He is portrayed as less wicked than Abū Jahl and more as a merchant and a tribal leader…

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Keshk, Khaled M. G., “Abū Sufyān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 29 March 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_22168>
First published online: 2009
First print edition: 9789004178533, 2009, 2009-2

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