Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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al-Jazzār, Aḥmad Pasha
(1,288 words)

Aḥmad Pasha al-Jazzār was an Ottoman governor known for his ruthlessness and for successfully defending Acre against Napoleon Bonaparte’s siege in 1213/1799. Born in Bosnia in 1135/1722–3 (al-Bayṭār, 1:127; Shihābī, 2:796; Taʾrīkh ḥawādith al-Shām, 15), Aḥmad left his homeland to take up residence in Istanbul. Once there, however, he faced poverty and deprivation (al-Bayṭār, 1:127) and eventually resolved to move to Egypt in 1155/1769, where he entered the service of several Mamlūk leaders and was put in charge of a village in …

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Safi, Khaled, “al-Jazzār, Aḥmad Pasha”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 23 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_32807>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 9789004413443, 2020, 2020-2

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