Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Bihārī calligraphy
(1,157 words)

Developed in pre-Mughal India beginning in the seventh/thirteenth century, Bihārī calligraphy (khaṭṭ-i bihārī) continued to be used in certain manuscripts and in specific contexts up to the nineteenth century.

In its early forms—the monumental epigraphy of the late seventh/thirteenth century and the manuscripts of the late eighth/fourteenth century—this calligraphic style showed characteristics intermediate between angular and cursive scripts; later, from the ninth/fifteenth century onwards, it shared some traits with muḥaqqaq (lit., established), one of the six …

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Brac de la Perrière, Eloïse, “Bihārī calligraphy”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 23 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_35504>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 9789004413443, 2020, 2020-2



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