Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Creed
(3,409 words)

The creed (ʿaqīda, iʿtiqād) refers both to the fundamental doctrines of Islam and to texts specifying these doctrines. These documents vary in length from short compendiums to extensive doctrinal outlines supported by rational and textual proofs. Apart from the Confession of Faith (shahāda), “There is no god but God, and Muḥammad is the messenger of God,” there is no universally accepted Islamic creed. However, political and theological conflicts over matters such as leadership of the Muslim community, the definition of a Muslim believe…

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Hoover, Jon, “Creed”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 07 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_25587>
First published online: 2014
First print edition: 9789004269620, 2014, 2014-3



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