Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Ghulām Aḥmad, Mīrzā
(1,736 words)

Mīrzā Ghulām Aḥmad (late 1830s–1908) was the founder and first leader of the Aḥmadiyya movement in Islam. He was born in the Panjābī village of Qādiyān. For his biography we depend mostly on his own accounts, supplemented by the extensive biographies written by some leading members of the movement. This material has a distinct hagiographical tinge and strives to depict Ghulām Aḥmad’s birth and childhood in a way compatible with his later spiritual claim. Much of it is therefore relevant to the ana…

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Friedmann, Yohanan, “Ghulām Aḥmad, Mīrzā”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 31 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_27275>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004252684, 2013, 2013-3

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