Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Grand vizier
(1,235 words)

The grand vizier, vezir-i azam (vezīr-i āʿẓam, “the greatest of the viziers”), or, from the mid-tenth/sixteenth century, sadrazam (ṣadr āʿẓam), was the second highest-ranking figure in the Ottoman state. Initially, grand viziers were selected from among the ulema (ʿulamāʾ), and they were given considerable authority during the reign of Orhan (Orkhān, r. c. 726–63/1326–62). Later, other dignitaries shared the rank of vizier, and although the grand vizier’s entitlements were reduced, command of the military was added to his responsibilities. The kanunname (qānūnnāme) of Mehmed…

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Bouquet, Olivier, “Grand vizier”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 20 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_27848>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 9789004386655, 2019, 2019-4

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