Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Hagiography in South Asia
(1,339 words)

Tadhkira and malfūẓāt have been the major genres of hagiography in South Asia. Tadhkira describes the saintly lives of Ṣūfīs in the tradition of works written in the Middle East and Central Asia, whereas malfūẓāt, the recorded discourses of a Ṣūfī master, evolved in India.

The first Ṣūfī text written in South Asia, ʿAlī al-Hujwīrī’s (d. 465–9/1073–7) Kashf al-maḥjūb (“The revelation of the veiled”), contained biographical sketches of pious Muslims and Ṣūfīs, yet none of them had lived in India. Local hagiographical tradition dates back to early eighth/…

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Viitamäki, Mikko, “Hagiography in South Asia”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 21 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_35695>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 9789004386655, 2019, 2019-4

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