Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Ḥātim al-Aṣamm
(1,192 words)

Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Ḥātim b. ʿUnwān (or Ḥātim b. Yūsuf or Ḥātim b. ʿUrwān b. Yūsuf) al-Aṣamm (the deaf; d. 237/851–2) was a native of Balkh, where he spent most of his life. A disciple of Shaqīq al-Balkhī (d. 194/809–10), he is considered one of the earliest spiritual masters of Khurāsān.

Abū Saʿd al-Samʿānī (d. 562/1166), the important Arab biographer from Merv, mentions in his Kitāb al-ansāb (“The book of origins”) other relevant men who bear the same sobriquet (al-Samʿānī, Ansāb, 1:294–8). Ḥātim, however, seems to be the only one known metaphorically as “deaf” and not bec…

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Chiabotti, Francesco, “Ḥātim al-Aṣamm”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_30386>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 9789004386655, 2019, 2019-4

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