Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Jakarta Charter
(529 words)

The Jakarta Charter (Indon., Piagam Jakarta) is the common name for a text that emerged from debates over the formulation of Sukarno’s Pancasila (five pillars) ideology in 1945, in which the fifth of its pillars (in Sukarno’s original iteration), asserting Belief in God (Ke-Tuhan-an), was further qualified with the addition of a controversial clause that stipulated that Muslims in the new nation would be obliged to observe Islamic law (dengan kewadjiban mendjalankan sjariʿat Islam bagi pemeluk-pemeluknja). This formulation (which came to be know as the Seven Words) cam…

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Feener, R. Michael, “Jakarta Charter”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 07 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_32705>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 9789004386655, 2019, 2019-4

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