Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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(907 words)

The Laks are an indigenous people of the mountainous part of Daghestan, in the Northern Caucasus. Ancient Greek authors (Herodotus 7.72, Strabo 11.5.1, Plutarch, Pompey, 35) mentioned the Ligyes (Λίγυες), Legaes (Λήγας), and Leges (Λήγες), who are supposed to be the ancestors of Laks as well as of the Lezgis and some other peoples of Daghestan. The capital of Lakia, the historical land of the Laks, is Kumukh (Ar. Ghumīk), so the Laks are known also as Kazi-Kumukhs.

In the sixth century C.E., Kumukh was incorporated into the Sāsānid empire. The ruling dynasty became relate…

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Tsibenko, Veronika, “Laks”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_35778>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 9789004386655, 2019, 2019-4

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