Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Mataram
(294 words)

Mataram is a district in south-central Java, bordered on the north by Mount Merapi and on the south by the Indian Ocean. It is a well-watered site with rich volcanic soils that can support heavy concentrations of population and has been the site of much of the imperial history of Java since pre-Islamic days. It is centred on the present-day city of Yogyakarta, located at approximately latitude S 7°47', longitude E 110°22'.

The pre-Islamic kingdom of Mataram is notable for many fine Hindu and Buddhist temples built in the eighth and ninth centuries, the most famous o…

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Ricklefs, M. C., “Mataram”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_36289>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 9789004386655, 2019, 2019-4



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