Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Mecca, 1000-1500
(1,496 words)

From 390/1000 to 905/1500, Mecca was ruled by three branches of the Banū Ḥasan, whose claim to the title of sharīf of Mecca was based on their lineage from al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib (d. 49/669–70). The first of these, the Jaʿfarid (or Mūsāwid) branch, was established when Jaʿfar b. Muḥammad b. Ḥusayn al-Amīr b. Muḥammad al-Thāʾir b. Mūsā (d. 370/980–1) seized power in the mid-fourth/tenth century. Historians disagree on his exact lineage, but he established a clear line of succession, being followed by two sons and a grandson.

In 358/969, upon learning that the Ismāʿīlī Fāṭimid c…

Cite this page
Meloy, John Lash, “Mecca, 1000-1500”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 23 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_40358>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 9789004413443, 2020, 2020-2

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