Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Mīr ʿAlī Tabrīzī
(974 words)

Mīr ʿAlī Tabrīzī (fl. late eighth/fourteenth–early ninth/fifteenth centuries) was credited with the “invention” (waḍʿ) of the nastaʿlīq script by calligraphers of the Tīmūrid and Ṣafavid periods following the Arabic tradition of the “firsts” (awāʾil), in which individuals were credited with the creation of a broad variety of things and practices, as well as crafts. In histories of calligraphers and calligraphy, Mīr ʿAlī Tabrīzī always stands at the head of the genealogy of nastaʿlīq; for example, the court calligrapher Dūst Muḥammad (d. shortly after 971/1564), writ…

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Roxburgh, David J., “Mīr ʿAlī Tabrīzī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 23 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_36455>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 9789004413443, 2020, 2020-2

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