Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Muḥammad al-Bāqir
(2,028 words)

Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Bāqir (d. 114/732 or 117/735), commonly referred to as Abū Jaʿfar, was the fifth Imām of the Twelver branch of Shīʿī Islam (the Ithnā ʿashariyya). His epithet, “al-Bāqir,” an abbreviation of bāqir al-ʿilm (“the one who opens knowledge”), reflects his status as a distinguished religious scholar. He is credited with laying the doctrinal and legal foundations of Twelver Shīʿism, which were further systematically elaborated by his son and successor to the Imāmate, Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq (d. 148/765).

Al-Bāqir was born in Medina in 57/677 and resided there all his …

Cite this page
Buckley, Ron P., “Muḥammad al-Bāqir”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 20 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_36641>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 9789004413443, 2020, 2020-2



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