Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Karīm al-Sammān
(780 words)

Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Karīm al-Sammān (or al-Sammānī, 1132–89/1720–75) was a prominent Ṣūfī scholar of the Khalwatiyya. The Sammāniyya branch of that order, named after him, spread widely in Africa and Asia.

Al-Sammān was born into a well-to-do family in Medina, where his father, ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Aḥmad al-Sammān (d. 1153/1740), owned a lodge, and he remained in Medina most of his life. An established teacher in his own right, al-Sammān was also part of a network of reform-oriented Ṣūfī scholars that came to prominence in the ei…

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Vikør, Knut S., “Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Karīm al-Sammān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 29 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_36613>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 9789004413443, 2020, 2020-2

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