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Theodicy of Judaism I: The Moral Order, Reward, and Punishment
(7,422 words)

Theodicy means justifying God's deeds within the Torah's theology. The theodicy of Judaism is Judaism, defining as it does the generative issue of the entire theological system that animates the documents of Rabbinic Judaism from the first through the seventh centuries c.e. That issue is how one all-powerful God can be deemed just given the state of Israel, his people, in the world? 1 The parameters of the problem are readily discerned when we contrast monotheism with polytheism. Theodicy therefore presents a particular problem to monotheism. Life is seldom…

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Neusner, Jacob, “Theodicy of Judaism I: The Moral Order, Reward, and Punishment”, in: Encyclopaedia of Judaism. Consulted online on 18 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-9029_EJ_DUM_0015>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004141001, 20040701



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