Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(1,307 words)

The premature expulsion of a fetus. Classical Muslim jurists applied a number of terms to abortion, including ijhāḍ, isqāṭ, ṭarḥ, ilqāʾ and imlāṣ. The Qurʾān makes no reference to abortion as the term is commonly understood, although it upholds the sanctity of human life in general (e.g. q 5:32) and forbids the killing of children ( q 17:31) and female infants ( q 81:8-9) in particular (see children; infanticide; murder). The restrictive view of abortion commonly held by jurists was based on the general qurʾānic interdiction of unlawfully taking human life.

The qurʾānic descriptions …

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Sachedina, Abdulaziz, “Abortion”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 05 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00002>

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