Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Air and Wind
(3,542 words)

The gases which surround the earth and the motion within these gases. Air is mentioned only twice in the Qurʾān, once as jaww and once as hawāʾ. The general word for wind, rīḥ and its plural riyāḥ, occurs more than thirty times. It is supplemented by a number of terms with significantly fewer attestations denoting specific types of wind.


Of the attestations of air, one is literal, q 16:79: “Have you not reflected on the birds set in t…

Cite this page
Johns, Anthony H., “Air and Wind”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 20 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00006>

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