Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib
(835 words)

The cousin of the Prophet Muḥammad and husband of his daughter Fāṭima. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib (d. 40/661) was among the first to embrace Islam and was renowned for his loyalty to the Prophet and his courageous role in a number of the military expeditions in the defense of the early Muslim community. Also known for his piety, his profound knowledge of the Qurʾān and the sunna (the exemplary practice of the Prophet; see sunna ), he figures prominently in several esoteric traditions in Islam including Ṣūfism (see ṣūfism and the qurʾān ).

Shīʿī Muslims — originally “the partisans of ʿAlī” (shīʿat ʿAlī, s…

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Asani, Ali S., “ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 02 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00017>



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