Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(2,618 words)

Turning away from or rejecting one's religion. The qurʾānic notion of apostasy is functionally represented by two main concepts, kufr and irtidād, the latter bearing more directly than the former upon notions of apostasy. Beginning sometime during the second/eighth century, irtidād came to be used in legal and other discourses to speak exclusively of apostasy. In the Qurʾān, however, the semantic and conceptual connection between the terms irtidād and kufr seems to have already been made, albeit tenuously, before the emigration to Medina, as evidenced in the verse: “Those who…

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Hallaq, Wael, “Apostasy”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 19 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00023>

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