Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Baal ( baʿl) is both a proper name of a pre-Islamic pagan deity worshipped by the people to whom the messenger Elijah (q.v.) was sent ( q 37:125) and a common noun meaning “husband” ( q 2:228; 4:128; 11:72; 24:31).

Baal as a pagan deity

The biblical prophet Elijah (1 Kings 17-22; 2 Kings 1-2) is mentioned two times in the Qurʾān ( q 6:85; 37:123-30). He was sent to turn his people from the worship of the deity Baal. Commentary elaborates on the brief qurʾānic passages. It is said that, during…

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Newby, Gordon Darnell, “Baal”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 28 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00021>

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