Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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The renowned ancient Mesopotamian city. Babylon(Bābil) is mentioned once in the Qurʾān: “And follow what the devils used to recite in the reign of Solomon (q.v.). Solomon did not disbelieve, but the devils disbelieved, teaching the people magic and what had been sent down to the two angels, Hārūt and Mārūt (q.v.), in Babylon. They do not teach anyone without first saying, ‘We are only a temptation, so do not disbelieve’” ( q 2:102).

According to the geographer and biographer Yāqūt (d. 626/1228), Babylon constituted an entire region famed for its magic and wine (Buldān, i, 309-11). The co…

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Khoury, R.G., “Babylon”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 19 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00040>

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