Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Basmala [Supplement 2016]
(3,160 words)

The invocation bi-smi llāhi l-raḥmāni l-raḥīm(i), “In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate,” also known as the tasmiya, “naming/uttering (God's name),” occurs 114 times in the Qurʾān: at the beginning of every sūra except the ninth, which is entitled “Repentance” (Sūrat al-Tawba or Sūrat al-Barāʾa), and also in Q 27:30, as the opening of Solomon's letter to the queen of S…

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William A. Graham, “Basmala [Supplement 2016]”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 28 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_050488>
First published online: 2016

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