Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(865 words)

Plunder taken in war (q.v.). The Qurʾān does not mention the words ghanīma or fayʾ, which became the technical terms for booty in Islamic law, but refers explicitly only to the plural noun maghānim (q 4:94; 48:15, 19, 20); the verb ghanima, to take booty (q 8:41, 69); and the verb afāʾa (from the same root as fayʾ), to give as booty (q 33:50; 59:6-7). In pre-Islamic times the terms were synonymous. There are indications that in q 59:6-7, referring to the surrender of the Banū l-Naḍīr, afāʾa denotes booty acquired not by actual fighting but as a result of the surrender of the enemy. q 48:15, 19 and 20 s…

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Peters, Rudolph, “Booty”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 07 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00058>

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