Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Breaking Trusts and Contracts
(1,055 words)

Not honoring one's legally enforceable obligation to another. Muslim exegetes identify a number of qurʾānic verses which require that contracts (ʿuqūd, sing. ʿaqd, see contracts and alliances ) not be broken, the most general of which is q 5:1. Other verses enjoin keeping covenants (ʿuhūd, sing. ʿahd, see covenant ), trusts (amānāt, sing. amāna), oaths (aymān, sing. yamīn, see oaths ) and pacts (mawāthīq, sing. mīthāq). According to many qurʾānic exegetes, the meanings of these terms are closely related but each carries particular legal obligations.

q 9:4 and q 16:91, both of which…

Cite this page
Wheeler, Brannon M., “Breaking Trusts and Contracts”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 25 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00062>

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