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Cain and Abel
(1,604 words)

The sons of Adam and Eve (q.v.). The qurʾānic account of Cain and Abel ( q 5:27-32) closely follows the narrative in the Bible (Gen 4:1-16; see scripture and the qurʾān ). Each of the two sons of Adam and Eve — whose names are not mentioned in the Qurʾān — offers a sacrifice (q.v.): Only Abel's was accepted while Cain's was rejected because he was not God-fearing. Upon Cain's threat to murder Abel, the latter remained passive, wishing only that Cain be held responsible for the sins of both (innī urīdu an tabūʾa bi-ithmī wa-ithmika, q 5:29) and punished accordingly (see chastisement and punishment )…

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Busse, Heribert, “Cain and Abel”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 27 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00066>

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