Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(884 words)

System of fixing the divisions of time (q.v.), adapted to the purposes of communal life. References in the Qurʾān related to calendar include the terms waqt/ mīqāt which mean, among other things, fixed or appointed time (e.g. q 2:189; 4:103; 7:143; 44:40; 78:17); the computation of years and numbers (li-taʿlamū ʿadad al-sinīn wa-l-ḥisāb, q 10:5; 17:12; see numbers and enumeration ); and the division of the year into twelve months (q.v.): “The number of months with God is twelve in accordance with God's decree on the day he created the heavens and the earth; of which four are holy months” ( q 9:…

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Dallal, A., “Calendar”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 29 March 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00067>

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