Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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A white, translucent substance distilled from the wood of the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora,familyLauraceae) which is indigenous to China, Taiwan and Japan. The term camphor (kāfūr, qāfūr, qaf[f]ūr) denotes the tree, its resin and its drug. South and southeast Asian designations of these botanical products include Indian karpūra, kappūra or Malayan kapur. It is attested once in the Qurʾān at q 76:5. Besides the qurʾānic kāfūr there are references to the spelling with qāf instead of kāf in works of qurʾānic commentary (Ālūsī, Rūḥ, xxix, 154; Qurṭubī, Jāmiʿ, xix, 124; for furth…

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Schönig, Hanne, “Camphor”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 20 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00071>

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