Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(1,211 words)

A hollow space in a mountain or hill. The term cave ( kahf, ghār, maghārāt) is used in the Qurʾān to designate a place of refuge for the faithful or a locus of intimate contact with God. Kahf occurs six times ( q 18:9, 10, 11, 16, 17, 25). Ghār and maghārāt (sing. maghāra) each occur once ( q 9:40, 57); lexicographers consider these latter terms to be synonymous with kahf or to be designations for small caves.

“The Cave” (Sūrat al-Kahf) is the title of q 18, which consists of 110 verses. It refers to the story of the Companions of the Cave (vv. 9-26), an Arabic version of widely-…

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Campo, Juan Eduardo, “Cave”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 11 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00075>

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